What is Prostate Cancer
Overview of Prostate Cancer and Prostate Cancer Treatment
Prostate Cancer is the most commonly found cancer in men, and it is also treatable if detected at an early stage. This disease is usually found in men at the age of ’50+, and it is very rare in someone less than that. Dr. Mangesh Patil is a Prostate Specialist and is very well known for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Treatment and Prostate Cancer Treatment in Mumbai.
Let’s find out the types, risk factors, symptoms, causes, and prevention of prostate cancer.
Cancer develops in the body when the cells begin to grow out of control. This growth of cells in any part of the body can become cancer cells and spread to other areas. In the case of prostate cancer, these cells grow out of control in the prostate gland. The Prostate gland is found only in men, it makes seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperms.
Types of prostate cancer:
Prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas. These cancers develop from the gland that makes the fluid which is added in semen.
Other types of prostate cancer include: (These are rare types of cancer)
- Small cell carcinomas
- Neuroendocrine tumors
- Transitional cell carcinomas
Some of the prostate cancers have a quick growth, while some grow slowly.
What Causes Prostate Cancer?
Researchers are still not able to find out the actual cause of prostate cancer. But on a basic level, they found that changes in the DNA of a normal prostate cell can cause prostate cancer.
There are certain genes that help the cells to grow, and divide called oncogenes.
Other genes that keep the cell growth in control, repair the DNA mistakes, or cause the cells to die at their time are called tumor suppressor genes.
DNA mutation can cause cancer that keeps the oncogenes adapted and turning off tumor suppressor genes leading to unwanted cell growth. These DNA changes can be inherited through a parent or can be procured during a person’s lifetime.
Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer:
Study shows there are several risk factors that can affect a man’s chance of getting prostate cancer:
- Family history
- Gene changes
There are other factors too with less clear effects on prostate cancer risk:
- Chemical exposures
- Inflammation of the prostate
- Sexually transmitted infections
Can Prostate Cancer Be Prevented?
There is no certain way to limit prostate cancer. The risk factors like age, race, and family history cannot be controlled. But limiting a few things that lower its risks:
- Controlling Bodyweight
- Doing Physical activity
- Maintaining Diet
Who treats prostate cancer?
The doctors mainly responsible for treating prostate cancer include:
- Urologist or Uro-Oncologist: Surgeons specialized in treating diseases of the urinary system and male reproductive system
- Radiation oncologist: A specialist who treats cancer with the help of radiation therapy
- Medical oncologist: A specialist treating cancer with medicine, chemo, hormone, and immunotherapy
Treatment for localized Cancer Prostate:
Treatment for Locally advanced Cancer Prostate:
- Radiation therapy with Hormonal therapy
Metastatic (Advance) Cancer Prostate:
For more information about Prostate Cancer, get connected with Dr. Mangesh Patil he is a Prostate Specialist in South Mumbai at H.N Reliance Hospital.