Blog on Uro-Oncology
What is Uro-Oncology?
Uro-Oncology deals with the cancer of the male or female urinary tract also with male reproductive organs. Urological oncology is concerned about the diagnosis and treatment of urology cancers that affect the bladder, kidney, prostate, penis, and testicles.
Dr. Mangesh Patil is an Uro-Oncosurgeon in South Mumbai trained in treating UTI’s using a variety of tools. He is also a skilled Robotic Surgeon.
An uro-oncologist is a qualified surgeon who gives urology cancer treatment. When a patient is detected with early stages of any urological cancer, he is usually suggested for surgery. If the cancer is progressed then along with surgery other methods of treatment are applied, which includes chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and immunotherapy.
The various urological cancers include:
Let’s discuss in detail about the above cancers.
- Kidney cancer
Kidney or renal cancer is cancer that affects the kidneys. Kidney cancer shows symptoms like pain in the back or side, weight loss, weakness, blood in urine, or fever. It occurs due to mutations in the DNA. People with high blood pressure, or people who smoke, have kidney problems, and if are overweight are at higher risk of getting kidney cancer. Treatment for kidney cancer is a surgery where a part of the kidney or the entire kidney is removed. Ablative treatments and radiation therapy are also used in some cases.
- Bladder cancer
Bladder cancer is the most common cancer affecting men than women. Symptoms of bladder cancer are back pain, frequent urination, pain in the pelvic area, blood in urine, and pain while urinating.
If bladder cancer is detected at an early stage, there are chances of 7 out of 10 cases are treatable. People who smoke and are exposed to chemicals are at a higher risk of cell mutation causing bladder cancer. It can be treated by surgery to remove cancerous cells and bladder reconstruction may be needed post-treatment. Chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and immunotherapy are other options to treat bladder cancer.
- Prostate cancer
Prostate glands produce seminal fluid that transport sperms. Prostate cancer is common cancer found in men, it can be detected through screening, or by performing a rectal exam and blood test. Symptoms of prostate cancer is a problem in urinating, blood in semen, pain in the pelvic region, and pain in the bone.
- Testicular cancer
Male testes produce sperms and male hormones. Cancer in testicular’s can be treated easily, surgery is the option to treat testicular cancer as the entire testicle is removed along with the lymph nodes. Symptoms of testicular cancer is a pain in the groin, fluid buildup in the scrotum, pain in the testicle.
- Penile cancer
Uro-oncology is also concerned with penile cancer, the male reproductive organ, it is the rarest form of cancer but can affect by causing rashes or abnormal growth on the penis. Elderly people who have HPV and phimosis do have a chance of getting penile cancer. If the cancer is detected at early stages it can be treated by using creams, laser, circumcision, laser, or cryotherapy. But if it is detected in late-stage then chemotherapy may be used and in unusual cases, the penis may have to be removed.